IMMIGRATION LAWS FOR MEXICO
The first immigration laws for Mexico were published in 1937,
although reformed many times, the laws were not changed until
May, 2011. The Rules for the Law of May 2011 were published in
reasoning behind new changes is because of the many International
treaties that Mexico has entered into over the years and did not
take into consideration the old immigration laws when doing so.
immigration laws divided foreigners into three categories:
Non-immigrants (FM 3): These foreigners came to Mexico, but intend
to return to their own country.
Immigrants (FM 2): These foreigners came to Mexico with the intention
of becoming immigrants.
Immigrated: These foreigners have completed five years of FM 2
and received an immigrant card
both the FM 3 and the FM 2 there were many subclasses. In total
there were over 30 types of visas and rules for each type. This
caused a lot of confusion and conflict with the visas.
immigration laws recognize four categories for foreigners to be
legally in Mexico:
Visitor: These visas are issued to people coming to Mexico for
short-term stays. The visitor visa normally expires in 180 days.
Temporary Resident: This visa is for foreigners who want to remain
in Mexico for a term of up to four years. If the foreigner desires
to stay more than four years they need to change to a Permanent
Temporary Resident Student: This visa is for foreigners in Mexico
for the purpose of education and the visa is good until the completion
of that education.
Permanent Resident: This visa is issued for foreigners who wish
to remain in Mexico for an indefinite term. This visa is very
much like the old “immigrant” status.
TO ACQUIRE VISAS
Anyone coming into Mexico must have a visa. If you desire to stay
longer than the allowed term for a visitor’s visa (180 days)
the foreigner must acquire a residence visa.
All visas are granted by the Mexican Consulates
outside of Mexico. One of the few exceptions to this rule
is if you are from a country that Mexico has waived the requirement
of a pre-approved visa. The U.S. and Canada are countries that
do not require a pre-approved visa from a Mexican Consulate. Foreigners
from the U.S. and Canada may obtain the visitor’s visa either
with their plane boarding pass or at the border. Visitor visas
can no longer be converted to Temporary Resident or Permanent
Resident visas within Mexico.
Resident visa holders may change to a Permanent Resident while
in Mexico. If the foreigner had an “immigrant” card
under the old law, the local immigration offices in Mexico should
change it to a Permanent Resident card without having to leave
Requirements for a Temporary Resident visa:
Provide twelve (12) months of original bank or investment account
statements as proof of savings/investments, to show a minimum
average monthly balance equivalent to twenty-thousand (20,000)
days of the general minimum wage in the District Federal for the
previous twelve (12) months, or Monthly deposits of Income or
Pensions should be the equivalent of four hundred (400) days of
the current minimum wage in the Federal District for each of the
previous six (6) months. Current 2013 D.F. general minimum wages
of $64.76 MXN pesos per day, converted at the current exchange
rate of 13.00 pesos to U.S. dollars, for four-hundred (400) days
of wages. $2,000 USD (equivalent to $25,904 pesos) per month of
Requirements for a Permanent Resident visa:
Provide twelve (12) months of original bank statements as proof
of income or savings/investments, to show equivalent to twenty
five thousand (25,000) days of the general minimum wage in the
D.F. for the previous twelve (12) months. or Monthly minimum income
or pension deposits that are the equivalent of five hundred (500)
days of the current minimum wage in the D.F., for each of the
previous six (6) months. $2,500 USD ($32,380 pesos) per month
of regular deposits.
INM offices are reducing the monthly income or pension deposit
requirements by one-half (½) for applicants who own property
ABOUT MY CAR?
Visitor and Temporary Visa holders may have a foreign plated car
as long as the remainder of the laws applying to those visas is
followed. Permanent Visa holders must have Mexican plated cars
or take their foreign plated car out of the country. This part
of the new immigration law is complex and one should seek the
advice of a Mexican attorney.
the author of this article, nor Ajijic Real Estate, are attorneys
and do not represent this article as legal advice. If you have
questions regarding your immigration status you should consult
with a Mexican attorney who specializes in immigration laws.
foreign investment, and offers countless opportunities for new
businesses. A recent law change now allows foreigners to own one
hundred percent (100%) of a Mexican corporation. Bilingual legal,
accounting and business consulting expertise is available in the
Lake Chapala area or nearby Guadalajara.
property in Mexico there are many factors to consider. With the
cost of housing on the rise, purchasing real estate can be a sound
investment for the future. There are still some undervalued properties
on the market. Although it is no longer a buyer’s market, it is
an opportune time to purchase the home of your dreams.
criteria to look for in a real estate firm is professional affiliation.
The National Organization of Mexican Realtors (AMPI) is active
locally, and membership in this group is considered essential.
Many local Realtors have direct affiliation with the National
Association of Realtors (NAR) in the U.S. and are members of their
International Real Estate Section. Brokers and their agents should
be affiliated with these organizations.
If you consider
buying property in Mexico, you must seek professional real estate
advice. Ajijic Real Estate is the professional full-service real
estate office. Agents are on call to counsel, when appropriate,
and to offer their professional service in locating the property
that is right for you. Part of their job is helping you discover
what your real estate needs are and then helping you satisfy them.
Listing Type Of Service
for a home through Ajijic Real Estate be assured that you will
be shown all homes and properties in the area that meet your criteria.
There is an active multiple listing service covering all of the
lakeside, and Ajijic Real Estate has computer access to all of
the participating real estate companies listings through its membership
in both AMPI Lake Chapala and CAR (Chapala Association of Realtors)
the two local real estate boards.